Materials

We work closely with our suppliers and manufactures to identify high-quality materials to use within our products. The uncompromising attention to detail and hand-made quality is paired with an inspired take on today’s look and feel. Pas Normal Studios produces high-end clothing with textiles and methods at the same level as demanded by professional riders - but at the same time, all styles are created for long-term usage and durability. Many products take several years to develop, prototype, test and refine.

Polyamide / Nylon

A strong, versatile, lightweight material with technical properties such as abrasion resistance and breathability. Polyamide / nylon is used in most of our products to achieve long-lasting technical performance.

Found in 55% of our styles in 2020. Mostly jerseys, bibs and other clothing accessories.

Looking Forward

Polyamide / nylon is a fossil-fuel based material. As we look to reduce our reliance on fossil fuels there is an opportunity to introduce recycled versions of this material into our products. The recycled material can help reduce the amount of plastic in landfills, in waterways, and in oceans, by recovering resources like fishing nets. Alongside recycled material, bio-based alternatives show potential for use in the future. These materials rely on naturally occurring ingredients such as castor oil or biomass.

Elastane / Lycra / Spandex

Used in many of our items for its elastic properties. It is a material used in combination with other fibers to improve the fit, performance and comfort of products.

Found in 54% of our styles in 2020. Mostly jerseys and bibs, socks and other clothing accessories.

Looking Forward

Elastane provides a purely functional role in our products. It is often mixed with other fibers such as polyamide / nylon or polyester to create fabrics. Using recycled elastane would reduce our need for virgin elastane. To improve recyclability, the development and implementation of mono-material fabrics is one approach to encouraging a transition in to a circular economy.

Polyester

A fiber made using PET plastic. It is very durable, strong and lightweight, whilst being quick-drying and flexible.

Found in 50% of our styles in 2020. Mostly jerseys and bibs, baselayers and other clothing accessories

Looking Forward

There are very high quality recycled polyester fibers available. Many of these have equal or better technical properties than virgin polyester. By using recycled material, we can reduce our fossil fuel consumption and help change attitudes towards recycled materials. In the future we must work to relinquish our reliance on fossil fuels.

Cotton

Cotton is a fiber grown in tropical and subtropical regions. It is soft, durable and versatile, making it great for casual items and gloves.

Found in 8% of our styles in 2020. T-shirts, Sweatshirts, Hoodies, Mid & Heavy Gloves

Looking Forward

The cotton used in our casual collection is organic, and is currently being certified. Due to the extensive use of resources such as water, chemicals and pesticides, the move to certified cotton is vital for the welfare of farmers and ecosystems. Bodies such as Global Organic Textile Standard (GOTS) conduct rigorous processes to ensure certified cotton stands up to their requirements. These standards cover aspects of the supply chain including environmental and socially responsible manufacturing through to labeling to provide credible assurance to the consumer.

Wool

Wool is one of the natural world’s most technical fibers. It is long-lasting, breathable, thermo-regulating and odour resistant whilst also being biodegradable.

Found in 5% of our styles in 2020. Socks, Baselayers, Necktubes & Beanies

Looking Forward

Products containing wool are chosen so they can effectively utilize the properties of the material. This material has favourable characteristics which most synthetic fibers cannot match. The wool we use comes from suppliers we trust, but we know we can do better with our tracing and certification. The Responsible Wool Standard (RWS) offers certification to wool suppliers to increase trust and consistency in supply chains.

Rayon / Bamboo / Lyocell

These materials are cellulose-based fibers used for breathability and moisture absorbent.

Found in 6% of our styles in 2020. Balance Tops, Light Necktube

Looking Forward

Many of these fibers are made using untraced materials and unregulated sourcing can exacerbate deforestation. Sourcing responsibly manufactured materials with certified processes and materials will help build a more responsible supply chain. Raw materials should be sourced from traceable and sustainable sources, and processes should have minimal environmental impact.

Polyvinyl Alcohol

Polyvinyl alcohol is used in highly technical fabrics to add strength and elasticity. It is used as a sizing agent in textile mills, which makes it easier to weave.

Found in 5% of our styles in 2020 including Essential Bibs, Balance Shorts, Balance Bra

Looking Forward

The potential environmental impacts of using PVA mean that finding alternative methods is important for ecosystems. The major risk of using PVA is the potential water pollution during the desizing (washing) of the yarn. Bio-based sizing agents such as starch have become more readily available but are still not commonplace.

Polypropylene

This material is used in our socks due to properties such as durability, lightness, and low water absorption rate. .

Found in 4% of our styles in 2020 including socks

Looking Forward

Although polypropylene is fully recyclable, it is often mixed with other materials. This makes it difficult to dispose of responsibly. One step we can take is to use recycled polypropylene, but in the long term, we must look into materials that can be easily circulated and given a new life.

Polyethylene

Polyethylene is a lightweight thermoplastic polymer used for its versatility and durability.

Found in 4% of our styles in 2020. Bidons, Caps

Looking Forward

Alternative options for virgin polyethylene include bio-based materials from raw materials such as feedstock or sugarcane.

Polyurethane

Polyurethane is used in our products for its waterproof properties. It is a synthetic material but has opportunities for recycling.

Found in 3% of our styles in 2020 including Shield Jacket & Gilet, Mid & Heavy Gloves, TKO Winter Jersey

Looking Forward

All of the polyurethane we currently use is from virgin supplies. This ensures a consistent and high quality product, but also requires many non-renewable resources. We are reducing the number of items with polyurethane content, and identifying innovative ways to achieve an item’s technical properties without using fossil fuels.

Thermoplastic Elastomers

Thermoplastic elastomers are durable, lightweight and recyclable. They can be molded easily and provide rugged and hard wearing properties ideal for high-impact use.

Found in <1% of our styles in 2020: Balance Mat

Looking Forward

We use TPE for our Balance mat due to its technical properties and durability. In the future we aim to use a material with a lover environmental footprint. This could include recycled material, or natural rubber alternatives.

Neoprene

Neoprene is a highly effective waterproof material used to keep users warm and dry in poor conditions.

Found in <1% of our styles: Heavy Overshoe

Looking Forward

Neoprene is created using fossil fuels and the manufacturing process is highly energy intensive. There are some alternatives such as natural rubber based materials, but currently the most relevant outlook is to phase out neoprene and replace it with other materials with similar technical properties.

Aramid

Aramid is a very strong and hard-wearing material used in situations where protection and abrasion resistance are necessary.

Found in <1% of our styles: Heavy Overshoe

Looking Forward

Aramid is a synthetic fiber with an environmentally impactful manufacturing process. While it is recyclable, the chemicals used to treat and produce this material are harmful to ecosystems. The solution to this issue may be to move away from this material, the a fiber more suited to having multiple life cycles.

Preferred Materials List

We have developed a Preferred Material List to use internally to inform the design and production teams on better alternatives to current materials. This tool is available to view here.